Mountain Gardens

Plant Databases

Mountain Gardens Plant Databases


(Opens as an excel doc)

This list will be revised and expanded as time permits

Suggestions for revisions are welcome.


SOURCE: (source info in this list is mostly outdated)
All seeds collected by Joe Hollis and apprentices at Mountain
Gardens (MG), or other Gardens
(NC mtns. or piedmont), or from Naturally occuring plant
populations (most in western NC) – details on request

biennial, perennial; herb,
(herbaceous – nonwoody), shrub,
tree, vine, grass,
evergreen, deciduous, Tender
– not hardy here (average annual minimum = 0 F), ss = self-sows
(at Mtn Gdns)

HABITAT: gdn = prefers
garden conditions (reasonably
full sun, good soil and moisture); other preferences as indicated. part
shade (shadier than ‘light shade’,
but less shady than ‘woods.’)

PART USED: leaf;
stem, stalk; flower, flowering;
herbplant; seed;
youngshoots; wood;

USE: Edible
(includes plants used for beverages or seasoning); Medicine;
Fiber; Ornamental; Nitrogen
Fixer; Dye, ink, food coloring, etc.; Honey.
Insecticidal; Fragrance, incense, etc. (…)=minor
or obsolete uses. This information is offered as an aid to plant selection
and further research. Please do not ingest any plant without more specific
information (preparation, dosage, etc.)

NB!! (Warnings):
Weedy (excessive seedlings – at Mountain Gardens); Invasive,
spreading by rhizomes,runners, etc., Poisonous (in total,
or some part, or at some season, etc, – not a complete list); Thorns,
spines, prickles; Stings

Major sources for this information

Cornucopia: A Source Book of Edible Plants, Steven Facciola. 
Peterson’s Field Guide to Medicinal Plants, Eastern & Central North America
Hortus III  
Oriental Materia Medica, Hong-yen Hsu, Oriental Healing Arts Color Dictionary of Herbs & Herbalism, Malcolm Stuart, ed. (orig. pub. as part of : -The Encyclopedia of Herbs and Herbalism)
The Herb Society of America Encyclopedia of Herbs & their Uses, Deni Bown
Manual of Woody Landscape Plants, Michael Dirr
Manual of the Vascular Flora of the Carolinas, Radford, et al.
Dictionary of Economic Plants, J. C. Th. Uphof
Tanaka’s Cyclopedia of Edible Plants of the World  
A New Compendium of Materia Medica (Pharmaceutical Botany and China Medicinal Plants), Ling Yeou-ruenn, Science Press
Edible Wild Plants of Eastern North America, Fernald, et al.


It is no coincidence that many of our most useful species are ‘weeds.’ Emerson said that a weed is ‘a plant whose virtues have not yet been discovered;’ but ‘a plant whose virtues have been forgotten’ would be more accurate. Weeds provide some of our most nutritious foods and effective medicines, while remaining committed to their primary purpose: to clothe the soil.



(Downloads as an excel doc)

A database of plants growing at Mountain Gardens.

*Note that this is an ongoing project, and that this list is not necessarily a complete picture of what we have growing currently.*

Includes botanical, common, and pinyin names along with growing and harvesting information.